Topography and Area

Most of Kuwait's mainland is a flat sandy desert, gradually sloping down from the extreme West of Shigaya and Salmi (300 meters high) to reach the sea level on the East Coast of the Gulf.

The Northern part of the country is charac­terized with the presence of many dispersed hills within, the most famous of which are AI­Maru and AI-Afry. Near the coast, those hills take the shape of a connected chain that extends along the Northern coast until it reaches Kuwait's Bay known by the name of Jal AI-Zoor.

This chain is 145 meters high and is penetrated by Umm AI-Rimam valley. This area is locally known as Ghoday; which means the high place.

As for the Southern part of the country, it is generally flat except for the small AI-Ahmadi plateau, which is 137 meters high above the sea level.

The non-existence of natural obstacles like mountains or rivers made Kuwait's mainland an open area (transit area) for nomadic tribes and caravans to pass through, meet and transact therein a long time ago. Such freedom of movement made delineating of borders rather difficult and resulted in some border problems. The whole matter was amicably resolved following the creation of the Neutral Zone between the State of Kuwait and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on the 7th of July 1965.

The Northern part of the partitioned area is to be administered by the State of Kuwait, whilst the Southern part is to be administered by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The crude oil extracted from the partitioned zone is to be equally divided between the two countries.